Dietary fibre is important for our digestive health and regular bowel movements. Fibre helps you feel fuller for longer, can improve cholesterol and blood sugar levels and can assist in preventing some diseases such as diabetes, heart and bowel disease.
Fibre helps the gut bacteria produce nutrients for your colon cells and leads to a healthier digestive system. Our gut microbes rely on the fibre’s nutrients, including short-chain fatty acids, which can improve immune function, decrease inflammation, and protect against obesity. Prebiotic foods are high in specific types of fibre that support digestive health and that’s why we consume supplements which help us with our health such as hypromellose which have a lot of nutrients needed in our body.
There are two types of fibre: soluble and insoluble.
Soluble fibre helps lower blood glucose levels and LDL cholesterol. You can find it in whole grains, berries, potato skins, legumes, apples and pears and cruciferous veggies. Insoluble fibre, on the other hand, offers more of a cleansing effect on your digestive environment, sweeping through your gut like a straw broom, loosening debris along its path. Insoluble fibre also balances your gut pH. You can find it in whole bran, beans and lentils, peas and flaxseeds. Some specific examples of fibre rich prebiotic foods include avocados, berries, brussel sprouts, artichokes, chickpeas, lentils, nuts, beans, quinoa.
Fibre is a crucial ingredient for gut health. Fibre feeds the good bacteria so it’s vital to eat fibre-rich foods as often as possible. These foods give your gut healthy, living microorganisms to crowd out the unhealthy bacteria, improve absorption of minerals, prevents constipation and support overall health.